Through the teaching of the programme of study pupils should be taught to:
· Ask relevant questions and use different types of scientific enquiries to answer them.
· Set up simple practical enquiries, comparative and fair tests.
· Make systematic and careful observations and, where appropriate, take accurate measurements using standard units, using a range of equipment, including thermometers and data loggers.
· Gather, record, classify and present data in a variety of ways to help in answering questions.
· Record findings using simple scientific language, drawings, labelled diagrams, keys, bar charts and tables.
· Report on findings from enquiries, including oral and written explanations, displays or presentations of results and conclusions.
· Use results to draw simple conclusions, make predictions for new values, suggest improvements and raise further questions.
· Identify differences, similarities or changes related to simple scientific ideas and processes.
· Use straightforward scientific evidence to answer questions or to support their findings.
Living things and their habitats
· Recognise that living things can be grouped in a variety of ways.
· Explore and use classification keys to help group, identify and name a variety of living things in their local and wider environment.
· Recognise that environments can change and that this can sometimes pose dangers to living things.
Animals, including humans
· Describe the simple functions of the basic parts of the digestive system in humans.
· Identify the different types of teeth in humans and their simple functions.
· Construct and interpret a variety of food chains, identifying producers, predators and prey.
States of matter
· Compare and group materials together, according to whether they are solids, liquids or gases.
· Observe that some materials change state when they are heated or cooled, and measure or research the temperature at which this happens in degrees Celsius.
· Identify the part played by evaporation and condensation in the water cycle and associate the rate of evaporation with temperature.
· Identify how sounds are made, associating some of them with something vibrating.
· Recognise that vibrations from sounds travel through a medium to the ear.
· Find patterns between the pitch of a sound and features of the object that produced it.
· Find patterns between the volume of a sound and the strength of the vibrations that produced it.
· Recognise that sounds get fainter as the distance from the sound increases.
· Identify common appliances that run on electricity.
· Construct a simple series electrical circuit, identifying and naming its basic parts, including cells, wires, bulbs, switches and buzzers.
· Identify whether or not a lamp will light in a simple series circuit, based on whether or not the lamp is part of a complete loop with a battery.
· Recognise that a switch opens and closes a circuit and associate this with whether or not a lamp lights in a simple series circuit.
· Recognise some common conductors and insulators, and associate metals with being good conductors.