St Mary's RC Primary School

Full of grace, we grow and learn together

Year 4



Working scientifically

Through the teaching of the programme of study pupils should be taught to:

·         Ask relevant questions and use different types of scientific enquiries to answer them.

·         Set up simple practical enquiries, comparative and fair tests.

·         Make systematic and careful observations and, where appropriate, take accurate measurements using standard units, using a range of equipment, including thermometers and data loggers.

·         Gather, record, classify and present data in a variety of ways to help in answering questions.

·         Record findings using simple scientific language, drawings, labelled diagrams, keys, bar charts and tables.

·         Report on findings from enquiries, including oral and written explanations, displays or presentations of results and conclusions.

·         Use results to draw simple conclusions, make predictions for new values, suggest improvements and raise further questions.

·         Identify differences, similarities or changes related to simple scientific ideas and processes.

·         Use straightforward scientific evidence to answer questions or to support their findings.



Living things and their habitats

·         Recognise that living things can be grouped in a variety of ways.

·         Explore and use classification keys to help group, identify and name a variety of living things in their local and wider environment.

·         Recognise that environments can change and that this can sometimes pose dangers to living things.


Animals, including humans

·         Describe the simple functions of the basic parts of the digestive system in humans.

·         Identify the different types of teeth in humans and their simple functions.

·         Construct and interpret a variety of food chains, identifying producers, predators and prey.


States of matter

·         Compare and group materials together, according to whether they are solids, liquids or gases.

·         Observe that some materials change state when they are heated or cooled, and measure or research the temperature at which this happens in degrees Celsius.

·         Identify the part played by evaporation and condensation in the water cycle and associate the rate of evaporation with temperature.



·         Identify how sounds are made, associating some of them with something vibrating.

·         Recognise that vibrations from sounds travel through a medium to the ear.

·         Find patterns between the pitch of a sound and features of the object that produced it.

·         Find patterns between the volume of a sound and the strength of the vibrations that produced it.

·         Recognise that sounds get fainter as the distance from the sound increases.



·         Identify common appliances that run on electricity.

·         Construct a simple series electrical circuit, identifying and naming its basic parts, including cells, wires, bulbs, switches and buzzers.

·         Identify whether or not a lamp will light in a simple series circuit, based on whether or not the lamp is part of a complete loop with a battery.

·         Recognise that a switch opens and closes a circuit and associate this with whether or not a lamp lights in a simple series circuit.

·         Recognise some common conductors and insulators, and associate metals with being good conductors.